Skip to main content

Table 5 The hierarchical linear regression analysis of independent variables correlated to scores of anxiety and depression in male and female participants

From: The relationship between 2019-nCoV and psychological distress among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder

  Anxiety
Fathers (n = 1017)
Anxiety
Mothers (n = 5709)
Depression
Fathers (n = 1017)
Depression
Mothers (n = 5709)
B (95%CI) β P B (95%CI) β P B (95%CI) β P B (95%CI) β P
Model 1
 Province .467(−.188 ~ 1.123) .047 .162 .600(.341 ~ .859) .059 <.001 .046(−.839 ~ .931) −.003 .919 .130(−.208 ~ .469) .009 .451
 Parents’ age .173(−.519 ~ .866) .015 .623 −.557(−.862 ~ −.253) −.043 <.001 −.004(−.939 ~ .930) .000 .993 −1.024(−1.422 ~ −.626) −.056 <.001
 Parents’ health status 1.775(−.177 ~ 3.728) .048 .075 3.246 (2.215 ~ 4.277) .067 <.001 .962(−1.674 ~ 3.598) .018 .474 2.921 (1.572 ~ 4.271) .043 <.001
 Parents’ education −.476(−1.033 ~ .081) −.052 .094 −.439(−.688 ~ −.189) −.043 .001 −.063(−.814 ~ .689) −.005 .870 −.692(− 1.018 ~ −.365) −.048 <.001
 Parents’ occupation .537(.068 ~ 1.005) .059 .025 −.036(−.216 ~ .145) −.004 .696 1.145(.512 ~ 1.778) .088 <.001 .058(−.178 ~ .294) .005 .629
 Child’s gender −.858(−1.698 ~ −.019) −.053 .045 −.192(−.548 ~ .164) −.012 .290 −1.045(−2.178 ~ .088) −.045 .071 −.342(−.808 ~ .124) −.015 .150
 Child’s age .137(−.471 ~ .744) .015 .658 .474(.206 ~ .742) .046 .001 −.016(−.836 ~ .804) −.001 .970 .382(.030 ~ .733) .026 .033
 Only child in the family .390(−.489 ~ 1.269) .025 .385 .410(.025 ~ .794) .025 .037 1.273(.087 ~ 2.460) .056 .036 .498(−.005 ~ 1.002) .021 .052
 Parents’ marital status −.963(−2.503 ~ .577) −.034 .220 .213(−.630 ~ 1.055) .005 .621 −.340(−2.419 ~ 1.738) −.008 .748 .658(−.444 ~ 1.760) .012 .242
 Family income −.022(−.352 ~ .309) −.004 .898 −.234(−.384 ~ −.084) −.038 .002 −.363(−.809 ~ .082) −.049 .110 −.228(−.425 ~ −.032) −.026 .023
R2 .043    .060    .057    .072   
ΔR2 .043    .060    .057    .072   
Model 2
 Group .249(−.730 ~ 1.228) .014 .618 .844(.427 ~ 1.260) .045 <.001 1.380(.059 ~ 2.702) .053 .041 1.071(.526 ~ 1.616) .040 <.001
R2 .044    .063    .066    .077   
ΔR2 .001    .003    .009    .005   
Model 3
 Resilience total −.080(−.111 ~ −.049) −.180 <.001 −.082(−.096 ~ −.068) −.184 <.001 −.208(−.250 ~ −.166) −.329 <.001 −.203(−.221 ~ −.185) −.321 <.001
 Positive coping −.177(−.260 ~ −.094) −.150 <.001 −.161(−.199 ~ −.123) −.131 <.001 −.269(−.381 ~ −.157) −.160 <.001 −.338(−.388 ~ −.288) −.194 <.001
 Negative coping .301(.225 ~ .378) .211 <.001 .288(.250 ~ .327) .167 <.001 .461(.358 ~ .565) .228 <.001 .447(.397 ~ .498) .183 <.001
R2 .238    .227    .361    .375   
ΔR2 .194    .164    .295    .298   
Model 4
 Relationship changes .380(−.475 ~ 1.234) .023 .383 .596(.252 ~ .940) .037 .001 .495(−.659 ~ 1.648) .021 .400 1.007(.557 ~ 1.457) .044 <.001
 Physical Exercise changes −.094(−.658 ~ .470) −.009 .744 −.270(−.527 ~ −.012) −.023 .040 −.388(−1.149 ~ .373) −.026 .318 −.466(−.803 ~ −.129) −.028 .007
 Dietary changes .732(.041 ~ 1.424) .058 .038 .960(.655 ~ 1.266) .070 <.001 1.174(.241 ~ 2.108) .065 .014 1.802 (1.402 ~ 2202) .092 <.001
 Income changes .331(−.264 ~ .926) .033 .275 .185(−.079 ~ .449) .017 .170 .825(.022 ~ 1.629) .058 .044 .508(.162 ~ .854) .033 .004
 Psychological stress 2.284 (1.901 ~ 2.667) .330 <.001 2.574 (2.411 ~ 2.737) .355 <.001 1.997 (1.480 ~ 2.513) .204 <.001 2.540 (2.326 ~ 2.753) .248 <.001
F 28.532   <.001 167.260   <.001 36.951   <.001 246.761   <.001
R2 .352    .358    .413    .452   
ΔR2 .114    .131    .052    .077   
  1. Bold = P < 0.001; Group: a healthy child = 0, an ASD child =1, CI confidence interval