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Table 2 Selected characteristics, global health security index, and healthcare system indicators in the 24 countries with no reported COVID-19 cases as of 30 March 2020

From: Countries with delayed COVID-19 introduction – characteristics, drivers, gaps, and opportunities

Country Country characteristics Health security and healthcare indicators
Level of development Vulnerability classification Global connectedness index
(Rank of 169)
Inbound visitor arrivals/Popl. (Year) Global health security index (rank of 195) Number per 10 K population
Overall Detection Doctors Nurse/midwives
AFRO
 Botswana Upper-middle-income Landlocked developing 147 0.79 (2017) 139 133 5.3 54
 Burundi Low-income Landlocked developing & Least developed NA 0.03 (2017) 177 175 1.0 8.5
 Comoros Low-middle-income Small island developing & Least developed 161 0.05 (2018) 160 148 2.7 6.3
 Lesotho Low-middle-income Landlocked developing & Least developed 145 0.53 (2018) 144 160 0.69 32.6
 Malawi Low-income Landlocked developing & Least developed NA 0.05 (2018) 154 146 0.36 4.4
 Sao Tome and Principe Low-middle-income Small island developing & Least developed NA 0.17 (2018) 192 194 0.53 19.2
 Sierra Leone Low-income Least developed 99 0.01 (2018) 92 72 0.25 2.2
 South Sudan Low-income Landlocked developing & Least developed NA NA 180 166 0.15 12.2
EMRO
 Yemen Low-income Least developed 165 NA 190 179 5.3 7.9
EURO
 Tajikistan Low-income Landlocked developing 159 0.12 (2018) 130 144 21 47.5
 Turkmenistan Upper-middle-income Landlocked developing NA NA 135 101 22.2 44.3
SEARO
 North Korea Low-income NA NA NA 193 185 36.8 44.4
WPRO
 Cook Islands NA Small island developing NA 9.94 (2018) 185 180 14.1 67.4
 Kiribati Low-middle-income Small island developing 166 0.08 (2018) 189 189 2.0 38.3
 Marshall Islands NA Small island developing 94 0.13 (2018) 191 189 4.2 33.4
 Micronesia NA Small island developing NA 0.18 (2018) 124 171 1.9 20.4
 Nauru NA Small island developing NA NA 182 189 14.0 76.6
 Niue NA Small island developing NA 6.00 (2017) 184 189 18.7 125
 Palau NA Small island developing 117 4.82 (2018) 179 180 14.2 72.6
 Samoa Upper-middle-income Small island developing 148 0.88 (2018) 162 173 3.4 24.9
 Solomon Islands Low-middle-income Small island developing 129 0.05 (2018) 183 182 1.9 21.6
 Tonga NA Small island developing 107 0.72 (2018) 171 167 5.4 41.6
 Tuvalu NA Small island developing NA 0.27 (2018) 181 182 9.1 42.6
 Vanuatu Low-middle-income Small island developing 154 1.30 (2018) 165 167 1.7 14.2