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Table 3 COVID-19 testing capacity, influenza surveillance, border control measures, and preparedness activities in the 24 countries with no reported cases as of 30 March 2020

From: Countries with delayed COVID-19 introduction – characteristics, drivers, gaps, and opportunities

Country Testing and surveillance Border control measures COVID-19 preparedness activities
In-country COVID-19 testing (if yes, capacity) Export COVID-19 testing Flu surveillance (if yes, typea) Travel restriction Border closure Entry screening Traveler quarantine Preparedness plan Mass gathering restriction School closure Business closure COVID-19 funding Health worker training PPEb Quarantine isolation facility
AFRO
 Botswana Yes (500/day) No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Unknown
 Burundi Yes (Unknown) No Yes Unknown Yes Yes Unknown Unknown No Unknown Yes Unknown Yes Yes
 Comoros No Unknown No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Unknown Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Lesotho No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Malawi Yes (> 20 K total tests) No Yes Unknown Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Unknown
 Sao Tome and Principe No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Unknown Yes Unknown
 Sierra Leone Yes (35/mil people/day) Yes (Lab,
ILI, SARI)
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Unknown Yes
 South Sudan Yes (20 K total tests) Yes (Lab, ILI, SARI) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
EMRO
 Yemen Yes (Thousands) Yes (Lab) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Unknown Yes Yes Yes Unknown
EURO
 Tajikistan Yes (Unknown) Yes (Lab, ILI, SARI) Yes Unknown Unknown Yes Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes Unknown Unknown Yes
 Turkmenistan Yes (Unknown) Yes (Lab, ILI, SARI) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes Unknown Yes Yes
SEARO
 North Korea Yes (Unknown) Yes (Lab, ILI, SARI) Unknown Unknown Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes Yes
WPRO
 Cook Islands No Yes Yes (ILI) Yes Yes Unknown Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Unknown
 Kiribati No Yes Yes (ILI) Unknown No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
 Marshall Islands No Yes Yes (ILI) Yes Yes Yes Unknown Yes Unknown Yes Unknown Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Micronesia No Yes Yes (ILI) Yes Unknown Yes Yes Yes Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes Unknown Unknown Yes
 Nauru No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes Unknown Yes Yes
 Niue Unknown Unknown Yes (ILI) Yes No Unknown Yes Yes Unknown Yes Unknown Yes Unknown Unknown Unknown
 Palau No Yes Yes (ILI) Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Unknown Yes Unknown Unknown Unknown
 Samoa No Yes Yes (ILI) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Unknown Yes Unknown
 Solomon Islands No Yes Yes (ILI) Yes Yes Unknown Yes Yes Unknown Unknown Yes Yes Unknown Yes Yes
 Tonga Unknown Unknown Yes (ILI) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
 Tuvalu Unknown Unknown Yes (ILI) Yes Unknown Yes Unknown Yes Yes Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
 Vanuatu No Unknown Yes (ILI) Yes Yes Unknown Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes
  1. aLab laboratory confirmed influenza, ILI influenza-like illness, SARI severe acute respiratory infections
  2. bPPE personal protective equipment