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Disease

Section Editor: Manisha Kulkarni, University of Ottawa, Canada
Deputy Section Editors:
Fiona Cianci, Health Service Executive, Dublin, Ireland
Alessandra Ferrario, Harvard Medical School, USA
Mellissa Withers, USC Keck School of Medicine, USA

Diseases increasingly have cross-border causes and consequences. Global health security has become a foreign policy issue for many countries, linked to risks of pandemic influenza, and XDR (extreme drug resistant) and AMR (antimicrobial resistant) infections; and affected by weak health systems, population movements and lack of access to medicines. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have recently become foci for international cooperation, policy/program development and knowledge sharing. ‘Vectors’ (social determinants) for NCDs include such globalization-related pathways as trade (and trade treaties), foreign investment (and investment treaties), and economic growth and urbanization associated with global economic integration. Most papers submitted to this journal are presumed to utilize some health data; papers submitted under this topic will have either (one or more) infectious disease or NCD as their particular focus, applying epidemiological or other research methods to examine the magnitude, distribution and globalization-related risk factors affecting their prevalence, severity and/or population distribution. Note: We are not accepting articles submitted under this section that do not specify how globalization-related processes affect the diseases under study.

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  1. The major threat to human societies posed by undernutrition has been recognised for millennia. Despite substantial economic development and scientific innovation, however, progress in addressing this global ch...

    Authors: Jonathan C. K. Wells, Akanksha A. Marphatia, Gabriel Amable, Mario Siervo, Henrik Friis, J. Jaime Miranda, Hinke H. Haisma and David Raubenheimer

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:119

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  2. The current pandemic of COVID-19 impacted the psychological wellbeing of populations globally.

    Authors: Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Patraporn Tungpunkom, Farhana Sultana, Sheikh M. Alif, Biswajit Banik, Masudus Salehin, Bindu Joseph, Louisa Lam, Mimmie Claudine Watts, Sabria Jihan Khan, Sherief Ghozy, Sek Ying Chair, Wai Tong Chien, Carlos Schönfeldt-Lecuona, Nashwa El-Khazragy…

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:117

    Content type: Research

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  3. Understanding how the development of obesogenic food environments and the consumption of ultra-processed foods and beverages influence each other can help policymakers to identify effective ways to curb the cu...

    Authors: Fabrizio Ferretti, Michele Mariani and Elena Sarti

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:91

    Content type: Research

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  4. The initial research requirements in pandemics are predictable. But how is it possible to study a disease that is so quickly spreading and to rapidly use that research to inform control and treatment?

    Authors: Jonathon P. Fanning, Srinivas Murthy, Nchafatso G. Obonyo, J. Kenneth Baillie, Steve Webb, Heidi J. Dalton and John F. Fraser

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:84

    Content type: Commentary

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  5. Lagos state is the industrial nerve centre of Nigeria and was the epicentre of the 2014 Ebola outbreak in Nigeria as it is now for the current Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) outbreak. This paper describes how ...

    Authors: Akin Abayomi, Mobolanle R. Balogun, Munir Bankole, Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Bamidele Mutiu, John Olawepo, Morakinyo Senjobi, Oluwakemi Odukoya, Lanre Aladetuyi, Chioma Ejekam, Akinsanya Folarin, Madonna Emmanuel, Funke Amodu, Adesoji Ologun, Abosede Olusanya, Moses Bakare…

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:79

    Content type: Commentary

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  6. Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are the leading global source of added sugar intake and their consumption is associated with negative health outcomes, such as diabetes, cancers, cardiovascular diseases, and o...

    Authors: Marco Zenone, Diego Silva, Julia Smith and Kelley Lee

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:72

    Content type: Research

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  7. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is closely associated with physical and mental health problems; however, little is known about the severity of stigma caused by COVID-19 among its survivors. Thus, the aim o...

    Authors: Yuan Yuan, Yan-Jie Zhao, Qing-E Zhang, Ling Zhang, Teris Cheung, Todd Jackson, Guo-Qing Jiang and Yu-Tao Xiang

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:54

    Content type: Research

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  8. Due to the implementation of social distancing and quarantine measures, loneliness has been a major public health concern during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, few studies have examined loneliness in Chinese ...

    Authors: Li Bao, Wen-Tian Li and Bao-Liang Zhong

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:51

    Content type: Research

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  9. The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 mutants might lead to European border closures, which impact on trade and result in serious economic losses. In April 2020, similar border closures were observed during the first SA...

    Authors: Florian Gehre, Hakim Lagu, Emmanuel Achol, Michael Katende, Jürgen May and Muna Affara

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:49

    Content type: Commentary

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  10. To explore the influences of digital media use on the core symptoms, emotional state, life events, learning motivation, executive function (EF) and family environment of children and adolescents diagnosed with...

    Authors: Lan Shuai, Shan He, Hong Zheng, Zhouye Wang, Meihui Qiu, Weiping Xia, Xuan Cao, Lu Lu and Jinsong Zhang

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:48

    Content type: Research

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  11. Alcohol harms are rising globally, and alcohol policies, where they exist, are weak or under-developed. Limited progress has been made since the formulation of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Global Strate...

    Authors: Mary Madden and Jim McCambridge

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:45

    Content type: Debate

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  12. The possibility of psychopathological symptoms and related risk factors among normal persons and patients infected during the outbreak of COVID-19 has been widely investigated. The mental health outcomes of th...

    Authors: Zhiyang Zhang, Yi Feng, Rui Song, Di Yang and Xuefei Duan

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:44

    Content type: Research

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  13. The negative impact of COVID-19 pandemic on public mental health can be persistent and substantial over a long period of time, but little is known regarding what psychological factors or processes can buffer s...

    Authors: Yuen Yu Chong, Wai Tong Chien, Ho Yu Cheng, Angelos P. Kassianos, Andrew T. Gloster and Maria Karekla

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:43

    Content type: Research

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  14. Italy was the first European country to implement a national lockdown because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Worldwide, this pandemic had a huge impact on the mental health of people in many countries causing simil...

    Authors: Leonardo Villani, Roberta Pastorino, Enrico Molinari, Franco Anelli, Walter Ricciardi, Guendalina Graffigna and Stefania Boccia

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:39

    Content type: Research

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  15. Mental burden due to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has been widely reported for the general public and specific risk groups like healthcare workers and different patient populations. We aimed to assess its impact on...

    Authors: Angela M. Kunzler, Nikolaus Röthke, Lukas Günthner, Jutta Stoffers-Winterling, Oliver Tüscher, Michaela Coenen, Eva Rehfuess, Guido Schwarzer, Harald Binder, Christine Schmucker, Joerg J. Meerpohl and Klaus Lieb

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:34

    Content type: Review

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  16. The recent outbreak of COVID-19 has impacted adversely upon the mental health of millions of people worldwide. Impacts on the mental health conditions and the associated predictors relating to adults in Pakist...

    Authors: Tooba Lateef, Jiyao Chen, Muhammad Tahir, Teba Abdul Lateef, Bryan Z. Chen, Jizhen Li and Stephen X. Zhang

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:32

    Content type: Research

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  17. The impact of general population lockdown implemented in the face of the COVID-19 epidemic needs to be evaluated. We describe here a longitudinal study on the mental health of adults in France.

    Authors: Leila Ramiz, Benjamin Contrand, Madelyn Yiseth Rojas Castro, Marion Dupuy, Li Lu, Catherine Sztal-Kutas and Emmanuel Lagarde

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:29

    Content type: Research

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  18. Three months after the first reported cases, COVID-19 had spread to nearly 90% of World Health Organization (WHO) member states and only 24 countries had not reported cases as of 30 March 2020. This analysis a...

    Authors: Zheng Li, Cynthia Jones, Girum S. Ejigu, Nisha George, Amanda L. Geller, Gregory C. Chang, Alys Adamski, Ledor S. Igboh, Rebecca D. Merrill, Philip Ricks, Sara A. Mirza and Michael Lynch

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:28

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. The psychological distress caused by COVID-19 may be pronounced among the parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study aimed to investigate psychological distress among parents of childr...

    Authors: Luxi Wang, Dexin Li, Shixu Pan, Jinhe Zhai, Wei Xia, Caihong Sun and Mingyang Zou

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:23

    Content type: Research

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  20. The burden of sickle cell disease (SCD) is greatest among African nations. Effective scalability of evidence-based interventions (e.g., newborn screening, health education, prophylaxis for infection, optimal n...

    Authors: Joyce Gyamfi, Temitope Ojo, Juliet Iwelunmor, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Nessa Ryan, Amy Diawara, Obiageli Nnodu, Ambroise Wonkam, Charmaine Royal and Emmanuel Peprah

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:20

    Content type: Commentary

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  21. Deaths by COVID-19 have left behind nearly 12 million recent bereaved individuals worldwide and researchers have raised concerns that the circumstances of COVID-19 related deaths will lead to a rise prevalence...

    Authors: Suqin Tang and Zhendong Xiang

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:19

    Content type: Research

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  22. The public health community has become increasingly critical of the role that powerful corporations play in driving unhealthy diets, one of the leading contributors to the global burden of disease. While a sub...

    Authors: Benjamin Wood, Owain Williams, Vijaya Nagarajan and Gary Sacks

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:17

    Content type: Review

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  23. The COVID-19 pandemic has made unprecedented impact on the psychological health of university students, a population vulnerable to distress and mental health disorders. This study investigated psychiatric symp...

    Authors: Shufang Sun, Simon B. Goldberg, Danhua Lin, Shan Qiao and Don Operario

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Globalization and Health 2021 17:52

  24. Lockdowns can be an effective pandemic response strategy that can buy much needed time to slow disease transmission and adequately scale up preventative, diagnostic, and treatment capacities. However, the broa...

    Authors: Oghenowede Eyawo, A. M. Viens and Uchechukwu Chidiebere Ugoji

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:13

    Content type: Commentary

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  25. Serious conditions caused by the coronavirus epidemic are expected to affect the mental and physical health, organizational and social commitments of healthcare workers. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate...

    Authors: Zahra Aghalari, Hans-Uwe Dahms, Somayeh Jafarian and Hemmat Gholinia

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:12

    Content type: Research

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  26. Community health workers (CHWs) are an important cadre of the global health workforce as they are involved in providing health services at the community level. However, evidence on the role of CHWs in deliveri...

    Authors: David Musoke, Edwinah Atusingwize, Deborah Ikhile, Sarah Nalinya, Charles Ssemugabo, Grace Biyinzika Lubega, Damilola Omodara, Rawlance Ndejjo and Linda Gibson

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:7

    Content type: Research

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  27. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared coronavirus disease (COVID-19) a pandemic on March 11, 2020. Previous studies of infectious diseases showed that infectious diseases not only cause physical damage ...

    Authors: Ji Ho Lee, Hocheol Lee, Ji Eon Kim, Seok Jun Moon and Eun Woo Nam

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. The pattern of fatigue in older psychiatric patients during the COVID-19 outbreak was unknown. This study examined the prevalence of fatigue and its association with overall quality of life (overall QOL) in cl...

    Authors: Siyun Zou, Zi-Han Liu, Xiaona Yan, Huan Wang, Yulong Li, Xiuying Xu, Xiangdong Du, Lan Zhang, Qinge Zhang, Todd Jackson, Gabor S. Ungvari and Yu-Tao Xiang

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:119

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. On March 13, 2020, Uganda instituted COVID-19 symptom screening at its international airport, isolation and SARS-CoV-2 testing for symptomatic persons, and mandatory 14-day quarantine and testing of persons tr...

    Authors: Richard Migisha, Benon Kwesiga, Bernadette Basuta Mirembe, Geofrey Amanya, Steven N. Kabwama, Daniel Kadobera, Lilian Bulage, Godfrey Nsereko, Ignatius Wadunde, Tonny Tindyebwa, Bernard Lubwama, Atek A. Kagirita, John T. Kayiwa, Julius J. Lutwama, Amy L. Boore, Julie R. Harris…

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:114

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Early evidence indicates increased mental health burden arising from COVID-19 and related control measures. The study aim was to examine concern about COVID-19 and its association with symptoms of mental disor...

    Authors: Nino Makhashvili, Jana Darejan Javakhishvili, Lela Sturua, Ketevan Pilauri, Daniela C. Fuhr and Bayard Roberts

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:111

    Content type: Research

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  31. The influence of COVID-19 on mental health problems has received considerable attention. However, only a few studies have examined the relationship between exposure to COVID-19 and mental health problems, and ...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Min Ma, Danfeng Li and Ziqiang Xin

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:105

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the personal, professional and social life of Australians with some people more impacted than others.

    Authors: Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Nazmul Hoque, Sheikh M. Alif, Masudus Salehin, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Biswajit Banik, Ahmed Sharif, Nashrin Binte Nazim, Farhana Sultana and Wendy Cross

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:95

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. COVID-19 has rapidly and radically changed the face of human health and social interaction. As was the case with COVID-19, the world is similarly unprepared to respond to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and the...

    Authors: Lindsay A. Wilson, Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Patrick Fafard, A. M. Viens and Steven J. Hoffman

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:94

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  34. In all epidemics, healthcare staff are at the centre of risks and damages caused by pathogens. Today, nurses and physicians are faced with unprecedented work pressures in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, res...

    Authors: Nader Salari, Habibolah Khazaie, Amin Hosseinian-Far, Hooman Ghasemi, Masoud Mohammadi, Shamarina Shohaimi, Alireza Daneshkhah, Behnam Khaledi-Paveh and Melika Hosseinian-Far

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:92

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Restricting mobility is a central aim for lowering contact rates and preventing COVID-19 transmission. Yet the impact on mobility of different non-pharmaceutical countermeasures in the earlier stages of the pa...

    Authors: Matia Vannoni, Martin McKee, Jan C. Semenza, Chris Bonell and David Stuckler

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:85

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Points of entry and other border regions educate, train, and exercise (ETEs) their staff to improve preparedness and response to cross-border health threats. However, no conclusive knowledge of these ETEs’ eff...

    Authors: Doret de Rooij, Evelien Belfroid, Christos Hadjichristodoulou, Varvara A. Mouchtouri, Jörg Raab and Aura Timen

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:78

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  37. The health crisis caused by COVID-19 has led many countries to opt for social quarantine of the population. During this quarantine, communication systems have been characterized by disintermediation, the accelera...

    Authors: Álex Escolà-Gascón, Francesc-Xavier Marín, Jordi Rusiñol and Josep Gallifa

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:72

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. The outbreak of 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) could increase the risk of depression. However, epidemiological data on outbreak-associated depressive morbidity of female adolescents are not available. Thi...

    Authors: Jiaojiao Zhou, Xiaofei Yuan, Han Qi, Rui Liu, Yaqiong Li, Huanhuan Huang, Xu Chen and Gang Wang

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:69

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Worldwide, tobacco use has caused over 100 million deaths in the twentieth century and is projected to cause death in up to one billion people in the twenty-first century. It is a leading cause of early death ...

    Authors: Brian Colwell, Kizito B. A. Mosema, Matthew S. Bramble and Jay Maddock

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:66

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on public mental health. Therefore, monitoring and oversight of the population mental health during crises such as a panedmic is an immediate priority. The ai...

    Authors: Nader Salari, Amin Hosseinian-Far, Rostam Jalali, Aliakbar Vaisi-Raygani, Shna Rasoulpoor, Masoud Mohammadi, Shabnam Rasoulpoor and Behnam Khaledi-Paveh

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:57

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. After Action Reviews (AAR) with a One Health perspective were performed in Slovenia, Italy, Serbia and Greece following a severe West Nile virus (WNV) transmission season in 2018. A protocol combining traditio...

    Authors: Flavia Riccardo, Francesco Bolici, Mario Fafangel, Verica Jovanovic, Maja Socan, Petra Klepac, Dragana Plavsa, Milena Vasic, Antonino Bella, Gabriele Diana, Luca Rosi, Patrizio Pezzotti, Xanthi D. Andrianou, Marco Di Luca, Giulietta Venturi, Francesco Maraglino…

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:47

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Globalization and Health 2020 16:55

  42. Medical staff caring for COVID-19 patients face mental stress, physical exhaustion, separation from families, stigma, and the pain of losing patients and colleagues. Many of them have acquired SARS-CoV-2 and s...

    Authors: Matthew F. Chersich, Glenda Gray, Lee Fairlie, Quentin Eichbaum, Susannah Mayhew, Brian Allwood, Rene English, Fiona Scorgie, Stanley Luchters, Greg Simpson, Marjan Mosalman Haghighi, Minh Duc Pham and Helen Rees

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:46

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  43. The recent pandemic caused by the 2019 outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV or COVID-19) has affected more than 3.0 million people resulting ~ 212,000 deaths across 215 countries/territories as on 28th Apr...

    Authors: Sachin S. Gunthe and Satya S. Patra

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:45

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  44. The aim of this study was to assess the commitments of food companies in Malaysia to improving population nutrition using the Business Impact Assessment on population nutrition and obesity (BIA-Obesity) tool a...

    Authors: SeeHoe Ng, Gary Sacks, Bridget Kelly, Heather Yeatman, Ella Robinson, Boyd Swinburn, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Karuthan Chinna, Mohd Noor Ismail and Tilakavati Karupaiah

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2020 16:35

    Content type: Research

    Published on: